letters of marque and reprisal

letters of marque and reprisal
/letsrz av mark and raprayzal/ These words, "marque" and "reprisal," are frequently used as synonymous, but, taken in their strict etymological sense, the latter signifies a "taking in return;" the former, the passing the frontiers (marches) in order to such taking. Letters of marque and reprisal are grantable, by the law of nations, whenever the subjects of one state are oppressed and injured by those of another, and justice is denied by that state to which the oppressor belongs; and the party to whom these letters are granted may then seize the bodies or the goods of the subjects of the state to which the offender belongs, until satisfaction be made, wherever they happen to be found. Reprisals are to be granted only in case of a clear and open denial of justice. At the present day, in consequence partly of treaties and partly of the practice of nations, the making of reprisals is confined to the seizure of commercial property on the high seas by public cruisers, or by private cruisers specially authorized thereto.
Article I, Sec. 8, of U.S. Const, grants Congress the power to grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal Marque, law of 716 av mark, A sort of law of reprisal, which entitles him who has received any wrong from another and cannot get ordinary justice to take "the shipping or goods of the wrongdoer, where he can find them within his own bounds or precincts, in satisfaction of the wrong

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • Letters of marque and reprisal — Marque Marque, n. [F. marque, in lettre de marque letter of marque, a commission with which the commandant of every armed vessel was obliged to be provided, under penalty of being considered a pirate or corsair; marque here prob. meaning, border …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Letters of marque and reprisal — Reprisal Re*pris al (r? priz al), n. [F. repr?saille, It. ripresaglia, rappresaglia, LL. reprensaliae, fr. L. reprehendere, reprehensum. See {Reprehend}, {Reprise}.] 1. The act of taking from an enemy by way of reteliation or indemnity. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • letters of marque and reprisal — /letsrz av mark and raprayzal/ These words, marque and reprisal, are frequently used as synonymous, but, taken in their strict etymological sense, the latter signifies a taking in return; the former, the passing the frontiers (marches) in order… …   Black's law dictionary

  • letters of marque and reprisal — see letters of marque * * * letters of marque or letters of marque and reprisal, an official document giving a person permission from a government to capture the merchant ships of an enemy; marque …   Useful english dictionary

  • letters of marque and reprisal — A commission issued during a state of war by one of the belligerent governments authorizing a privateer to attack the ships and seize the property of a hostile nation on the high seas. See 41 Am J1st Pir § 2 …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • marque and reprisal, letters of — /letsrz av mark and raprayzal/ These words, marque and reprisal, are frequently used as synonymous, but, taken in their strict etymological sense, the latter signifies a taking in return; the former, the passing the frontiers (marches) in order… …   Black's law dictionary

  • marque and reprisal, letters of — /letsrz av mark and raprayzal/ These words, marque and reprisal, are frequently used as synonymous, but, taken in their strict etymological sense, the latter signifies a taking in return; the former, the passing the frontiers (marches) in order… …   Black's law dictionary

  • marque and reprisal — See letters of marque and reprisal …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Letters of marque — Marque Marque, n. [F. marque, in lettre de marque letter of marque, a commission with which the commandant of every armed vessel was obliged to be provided, under penalty of being considered a pirate or corsair; marque here prob. meaning, border …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • letters of marque — noun a license to a private citizen to seize property of another nation • Syn: ↑letter of marque, ↑letter of mark and reprisal • Hypernyms: ↑license, ↑licence, ↑permit * * * also …   Useful english dictionary

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